AP Language and Composition Summer Assignment 2020-2021
Teacher: Mr. Gill
Directions: There are 4 parts to the assignment. Please complete ALL parts by the assigned date (if there is no date, it is due the first day of school).(1) Please make sure to read the endnotes for important links and information. If you have questions, please email Mr. Gill.
Part I: Rhetorical Analysis
1. Carefully read Chapter 1 of The Language of Composition(2) through page 27 (you do not need to do any activity, but should read the documents included). When you are finished, explain in 2-3 sentences each, the following terms: Speaker, Occasion, Audience, Purpose, Subject, Tone, Logos, Pathos, Ethos.
- Then, apply your knowledge of each term to analyzing “The Idea of America,” by Nikole Hannah-Jones. You may use the SOAPSTone(3) graphic organizer if you wish, or simply list your responses. Your task is to explain the device in the context of the article and, for each, explain why that is the case.
2. Learn the following 23 words beyond simply memorizing them. Know them so well that you can apply them as you do above without having to think of the name. Use THIS QUIZLET to help.
- Diction: Word choice.
- Appositive: A word or phrase that renames a nearby noun/pronoun.
- Juxtaposition: Placement of two things side by side for emphasis.
- Parallelism: The repetition of similar grammatical or syntactical patterns. A list.
- Antithesis: Parallel structure that juxtaposes contrasting ideas.
- Analogy: An extended comparison between two seemingly dissimilar things.
- Anaphora: The repetition of words at the beginning of successive clauses or sentences.
- Ethos: An appeal to character (trustworthiness/honor).
- Ellipsis: The omission of a word or words that are superfluous or able to be understood from context.
- Polysyndeton: The deliberate use of a series of conjunctions.
- Chiasmus: The repetition of words in an inverted order to sharpen a contrast.
- Allusion: An indirect reference, often to another text or an historic event.
- Repetition: Purposeful use of a word, phrase, clause, idea, image, etc. more than once.
- Pathos: An appeal to emotion.
- Anecdote: A short account of an interesting event.
- Metonymy: Use of an aspect of something to represent the whole.
- Hyperbole: Exaggeration for the purpose of emphasis.
- Metaphor: A figure of speech through which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else, thus making an implicit comparison.
- Personification: Assigning lifelike characteristics to inanimate objects.
- Tone: The speaker’s attitude toward the subject or audience.
- Asyndeton: Leaving out conjunctions between words, phrases, clauses.
- Synecdoche: A figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa.
- Logos: An appeal to logic.
Part II: Narrative Nonfiction
1. Read Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass.(4) As you read, for each chapter, make at least 1 dialectical journal entry, and a total of 13 entries (so some chapters will need more than 1 entry). Please see the linked directions.(5)
- In each entry, make sure to include at least one literary or rhetorical device notation for different devices that you feel connect directly to your entry. All you need to do is identify the device used and provide the evidence (can be a word, series of words, sentence, or paragraph).
- You must use at least 10 different terms from the list above over the course of all entries.
- These will be turned in to turnitin.com by the following dates. If you fail to turn in the assignment on time, it MUST be turned in NO LATER THAN the next due date, or you will be removed from the course; two late submissions will also cause removal.
- T, July 7: Chs 1-2
- T, July 21: Chs 3-4
- T, August 4: Chs 5-6
- T, August 18: Chs 7-8
- First Day of School (M, 8/31): Chs 9-11
Part III: Current Event Synthesis
1. As you read Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, consider the following statements.
- Education is the key to freedom.
- Power corrupts completely.
- Absolute truth and honesty are necessary for real change.
- Race is the most powerful influence on identity.
- Power is something given, not taken.
- Religion is often used to justify actions that have other motivations..
- Social context is the biggest influence on who we are/who we become.
- The individual self is the most powerful force in a society
- The collective community is the most powerful force in a society
- Fear motivates most violence (verbal and/or physical)
- The impact of slavery/racism is felt far beyond the specific act
- The United States is the land of the free
- All humans are created equal, but individuals must make their own success.
2. Choose THREE statements.
3. For each statement you choose, find a newspaper or news/journalism magazine article from the past 5 years(6) that connects to the statement in some way (this can be a direct connection, support for the statement, evidence that refutes the statement, etc).
- For each article, provide a complete MLA citation and write a brief argumentative precis.(7)
4. Then, in a detailed paragraph for each, defend, challenge, or qualify the statement using specific evidence from Douglass and evidence from the article to further support your opinion.
5. Turn one statement and matching precis and paragraph in to turnitin.com on each of the following dates
- July 28th
- August 11th
- August 25th
Part IV: Letter to Me
- Complete the Letter to Me assignment(8) and share it with me NO LATER THAN TUESDAY, JULY 21st.
- NOTE: DO NOT work with another student, search for answers, or in any other way receive outside help; this would constitute plagiarism. Refer to page 37 of the Parent/Student Handbook for MRHS’s Honor Code policy: MRHS Student/Parent Handbook
- Link: “Chapter 1.” Language of Composition: Reading, Writing, Rhetoric, by Renee H. Shea et al., 2nd ed., Bedford Books St. Martin’s, 2013, pp. 1–38.
- SOAPSTone, with guiding questions.
- Any version of the text is fine. Online versions available from Project Gutenberg.
- Link: Dialectical Journal directions.
- Some possible newspaper sources can be found at: The New York Times The Boston Globe, The Washington Post, The LA Times, The Guardian, The Wall Street Journal, The Chicago Tribune. Some possible news/journalism magazines can be found at: The Atlantic, Time, The New Yorker, The Economist, Harper's Weekly, The National Review, The Weekly Standard.
- Link: Brief precis format and example.
- Link: Letter to Me Assignment.