Scott Carpenter
  • Dr. Scott Carpenter
    Superintendent, Monomoy Regional School District
    Office of the Superintendent
    425 Crowell Road, 2nd Floor, Chatham, MA 02633
    phone: (508) 945-5130 fax: (508) 945-5133
    scarpenter@monomoy.edu

  • Inequities in Monomoy’s Elementary Per Pupil Budgets and the Challenges with the Loss of Elementary Enrollment

    Posted by Scott Carpenter on 11/19/2020 9:00:00 PM

    Across the Cape, there has been a demographic shift, with towns having increasingly fewer young families with school-aged children. Lack of affordable housing, high cost of living, lack of affordable childcare options, and a growing “Airbnb” industry only exacerbate this demographic shift and loss of school-aged children. The rate of the attrition of young families varies by community, and over the past decade, the Town of Chatham has seen some of the greatest loss of year-round school-aged children.

    On December 6, 2010, the simultaneous town meetings in Harwich and Chatham voted to regionalize their schools. Heading into the following academic year (FY12), Harwich Elementary School’s enrollment was 579. Chatham Elementary School’s enrollment was 279, just under half the HES enrollment. In FY12, a significant number of Harwich resident students (53) elected to attend CES through school choice, compared to a half-dozen Chatham resident students who attended HES. Complete elementary enrollment figures since regionalization can be found in Appendix 1.

    Over the 10 years since regionalization, CES enrollment has fallen by 62 students, and HES enrollment has dropped by 67 students.  While the total number loss of students was similar, HES started as a much larger school. CES enrollment is now just under a third of the HES enrollment. The decrease in CES enrollment and Chatham resident students has escalated over the past four years (FY17 to present).

    In the past decade, the enrollment at HES has dropped by 12%, and the school shrank from six classrooms of kindergarteners to five. By contrast, CES lost 39% of its enrollment over the past 10 years and contracted from three classrooms of kindergarteners to only one classroom this year. There are currently not enough resident students in Chatham to fill a single kindergarten classroom, so the district heavily relies on intra- and inter-district school choice to round out that kindergarten class. It is quite possible that in the next few years there will not be enough Chatham kindergarteners and School Choice applicants to fill even a single standalone kindergarten classroom.

    Two dilemmas are becoming quite evident as CES enrollment declines, and both are exacerbated by the fact that CES enrollment is declining at a much higher rate than HES enrollment. First, there is a rapidly increasing inequity in per pupil budgets between Monomoy’s two elementary schools. Second, declining enrollment at CES potentially compromises our ability to provide enough grade-level peers to provide a rich social environment for students and CES teachers are increasingly lacking opportunities for professional collaboration within the school building.

     

    1. Inequities of Per Pupil Budgets

    As the district came together in FY12, the budgeted per pupil budgets at the two elementary schools was similar. The budget per student at CES was $941 more than at HES, as shown in Table 1.

    Ten years later, the FY21 budget finds smaller elementary school populations in both Monomoy elementary schools, sending per pupil budgets upwards at each. This upward trend happens when a school’s “fixed costs” (which include main office, custodial, nurse, and librarian salaries, heating and electrical costs, and maintenance expenses) are spread over fewer students. As CES enrollment has plummeted since FY17, its per pupil costs are nearly double what they were in FY12 – during this time period, the district has seen the difference in per pupil budgets between CES and HES increase from about $1,000 to nearly $5,000 per student. 

    As the enrollment at CES declines, the amount Harwich taxpayers will be subsidizing the funding for CES will quickly escalate. By FY25, CES enrollment will likely decrease to about 100 students. This would result in per pupil school expenditures of around $26,526, which will likely be nearly double the per pupil budget at HES, based on the projections in Table 1.

    Table 1: Per Pupil Budgets at Monomoy’s Elementary Schools, FY12, FY21 & FY25

     

    FY12

    School Budget

    Number

    of Students

    FY12

    Per Pupil Budgets

    Chatham Elementary

    $ 2,499,028

    265

    $9,430

    Harwich Elementary

    $ 4,999,819

    589

    $8,489

    Difference in Per Pupil Budgets

    $941

     

     

    FY21

    School Budget

    Number

    of Students

    FY21

    Per Pupil Budgets

    Chatham Elementary

    $2,869,394

    170

    $16,879

    Harwich Elementary

    $6,085,214

    512

    $11,885

    Difference in Per Pupil Budgets

    $4,994

     

    Note: this is a projection*

    FY25

    School Budget

    Number

    of Students

    FY25

    Per Pupil Budgets

    Chatham Elementary

    $2,652,551

    100

    $26,526

    Harwich Elementary

    $6,462,331

    470

    $13,750

    Difference in Per Pupil Budgets

    $12,776

    *Based on 2% annual increases and predicted staff reductions as enrollment contracts

    The inequity in per pupil budgets is not that the district is providing a better educational program to students at CES. The educational program, curriculum, and offerings are painstakingly coordinated between the district’s two elementary schools to ensure all Monomoy students have access to the same excellent quality of education and same educational opportunities. The inequity happens in how the district’s Regional Agreement assesses our two towns. Local tax dollars largely fund Monomoy’s budget, with Harwich currently paying (in FY21) 74.35% of the district’s operational costs, based on Harwich having a much larger 3-year average of foundation enrollment. 

    Some families from Harwich directly benefit from Chatham Elementary School. Since regionalization, between 14% and 19% of CES enrollment has been Harwich resident students. By contrast, only 1% to 2% of HES enrollment has come from Chatham resident students.

    Despite the fact that a significant number of Harwich children attend CES, the Harwich taxpayers end up paying the bulk of the total per pupil budget difference at CES. The total per pupil budget difference has escalated significantly since FY17, and will escalate quickly and dramatically heading to FY25, as indicated in the Table 2.

    Table 2: Total Per Pupil Budget Difference (CES vs. HES), FY12, FY21 & FY25

    In FY12

    $941 per pupil difference X 265 CES pupils = $249,365

    FY12 predated fiscal regionalization. Chatham fully paid this difference. In FY13, Harwich would have paid a large portion of the difference:

    $1,263 FY13 per pupil difference x 259 CES pupils = $327,117, given a 3-year foundation enrollment split that was 72% Harwich

    In FY21

    $4,994 per pupil difference X 170 CES pupils = $848,980

    Harwich’s share of the operating assessment beyond minimum contribution grew to 74.35%.

    In FY25

    $12,776 X 100 CES pupils = $1,277,587

    It is anticipated that Harwich’s share of operating expenses beyond minimum contribution is likely to be around 79%


    How to Remedy This Inequity

    The remedy involves amending the Regional Agreement, which requires the Selectmen in both towns and the School Committee to adopt a new assessment procedure that would need to be approved by Town Meetings in both communities. A working group of Selectmen and appointees from the towns, as well as Monomoy’s School Committee and its appointees, could convene to develop a proposed remedy. Bringing this group together is one of our School Committee’s 2020-2021 goals.

    The remedy cannot simply be to increase enrollment at CES by moving Harwich resident children to CES (through intra-district school choice, redistricting, or creating upper and lower elementary schools). This would not provide relief to Harwich taxpayers, who would still be subsidizing the education of an ever-dwindling number of Chatham elementary-aged children. Moving Harwich children to CES decreases enrollment at HES, thereby increasing HES per pupil costs – while the difference in per pupil budgets at both elementary schools could be equalized doing this, it happens at the expense of the Harwich taxpayer. Empty classrooms at CES would simply become empty classrooms at HES. A fair remedy ultimately would require Chatham paying more towards the assessment to mitigate the real costs of running a very small elementary school in their town, with an enrollment far less than half that of HES.

    Attached to this document are the following appendices to inform this working group conversation:

    Appendix 1: Monomoy Elementary Enrollment FY12-FY21 and beyond

    Appendix 2: Number of Classrooms per Grade (FY12, FY20 & FY25)

    Appendix 3: Elementary Class Sizes (2019-2020)

    Appendix 4: Monomoy Elementary Budgets FY12-FY21 and beyond

    Appendix 5: Monomoy Elementary Per Pupil Budgets FY12-FY21 and beyond

    Appendix 6: FY13 Assessment If Each Town Paid for Their Own Elementary School

    Appendix 7: FY21 Assessment If Each Town Paid for Their Own Elementary School

    Appendix 8: FY25 Assessment If Each Town Paid for Their Own Elementary School

     

    The Superintendent’s Recommendation

    The simplest and fairest way to deal with the dilemma of inequitable funding at the elementary level would be to have each town pay for its own elementary school. This would require a change to the Regional Agreement. This would work well as long as there is no reconfiguration (redistricting or formation of upper and lower elementary schools). Appendix 6 provides an example of the FY13 Assessment if the towns paid for their own elementary schools, compared to how the Assessment was calculated following the Statutory Method. Appendix 7 provides the same for FY21. Using this alternative assessment methodology, the Town of Chatham would have paid an additional $408,069 in FY13 and $572,537 in FY21, if the town were paying for its own elementary school. Had this provision been in the Regional Agreement since the district’s formation, this would have found the Town of Harwich paying $408,069 less in FY13 and $572,537 less in FY21, if it paid for only its own elementary school.

    Projecting forward, Appendix 8 provides an example of what an FY25 Assessment might be if the towns paid for their own elementary schools, compared to how that year’s Assessment would be calculated following the Statutory Method. As CES enrollment contracts, the assessment impact of Chatham paying for its own elementary school increases. In FY25, it is anticipated that Chatham would pay $738,426 more in funding its elementary school, compared to the Statutory method – Harwich would pay $738,426 less.

    Should either redistricting or the formation of upper and lower elementary schools be approved by change to the Regional Agreement, it would artificially shift per pupil budgets, pushing HES spending up and CES down, simply by creating empty classrooms at HES to fill ones at CES. Mathematically, we could calculate a solid estimate of costs that would have been attributable to the Town of Chatham for running its elementary school had elementary reconfiguration not happened.

    Plotting the ratio of Chatham resident elementary students to the sum of Harwich and Chatham resident elementary students in Monomoy from FY18 to FY25 against the ratio of the CES budget to the combined elementary school budgets provides a “best fit” line, which can accurately estimate the CES budget had reconfiguration not happened. FY18 to FY25 are used because that is when we are seeing the greatest change in enrollment. This estimate of the CES budget would then be plugged into the Assessment calculation, assessing both towns for the operational costs of their elementary schools while controlling for the fiscal effects of reconfiguration.

    The equation predicting the Chatham Elementary Budget if reconfiguration happens:

    CES Estimated Budget without reconfiguration = (.3353 x (number of elementary-aged students from Chatham divided by the number of elementary-aged students from both Harwich and Chatham) + .2471) times the combined school budgets of both elementary schools

    FY12 the equation would predict the CES budget to be (.3353 x (182/750) + .2471) x $7,498,847 = $2,463,117

    compared to the actual CES FY12 budget of $2,499,028, a $36,911 difference

    FY21 the equation would predict the CES budget to be (.3353 x (132/615) + .2471) x $8,954,608 = $2,857,118

    compared to the actual CES FY21 budget of $2,869,394, a $12,276 difference

    FY25 the equation would predict the CES budget to be (.3353 x (65/434) + .2471) x $9,114,882 = $2,650,392

    compared to the projected CES FY25 budget of $2,652,551, a $2,159 difference

    If for whatever reason in the future there is only one Monomoy elementary school, the district would stop using this methodology and simply attribute operational costs based on the Statutory Method.

     

    2. Educational and Developmental Challenges of a Declining Elementary Enrollment

    There is a good deal of research in the literature on the positive impacts of smaller class sizes on children’s learning. These studies are largely done in more urban settings where elementary class sizes in the mid-20s are reduced to 15 to 18 students. For the past seven years, Monomoy has operated with this research in mind, striving to keep our elementary class sizes 18 +/- 1 and our middle school and high school class sizes at 19 +/- 2 students. Our district is known for having very educationally supportive, small class sizes (Appendix 3).

    The unaddressed question is whether class sizes can become too small. In FY12, many Chatham Elementary School classrooms had 14 or fewer students, Chatham Middle School had as few as 11 students in a classroom, and there was an Advanced Placement class at Chatham High School with only three students. Most educators would agree that there is a point when classes become too small for vibrant discussions and too small for effective group dynamics that keep some individuals from dominating the class and disrupting learning. Classes that are too small also limit the pool of peers for individual students, preventing some children from connecting with a like-minded friend, who may be a key social-emotional support for that child.

    Demographic and housing trends in Chatham do not provide any indication that CES enrollment will begin to grow in the near future. Monomoy’s Regional Agreement also provides the district no option to move more elementary-aged students to CES. The district uses intra- and inter-district school choice to bring in additional students to CES and to balance class sizes between the two elementary schools, but school choice alone will not allow CES to have two or three classrooms per grade. The only way to reverse the trends at CES would be to amend the Regional Agreement to permit some sort of reconfiguration: either redistricting Harwich students to CES or creating upper and lower elementary schools. It’s important to note that any reconfiguration option doesn’t fill classrooms in both elementary schools, it just trades empty classrooms in CES for empty classrooms in HES.

    Three years ago, Monomoy’s Superintendent was increasingly hearing from Chatham teachers and parents concerned about the shrinking size of grade-level cohorts at CES and that CES class sizes were often smaller than those in Harwich. In a November 7, 2017, blog post the Superintendent wrote:

    What was a stable elementary population in Harwich and Chatham of 9 classes per grade level (3 at Chatham Elementary School and 6 in Harwich Elementary School) seems to be reaching a new stable state of 8 classes per grade level. No matter what, we will need both elementary schools to house all of our elementary-aged children. Based on the demographics of our towns, Chatham Elementary will likely gradually contract to have two classes per grade level, as it currently has at the kindergarten level. Harwich Elementary may be larger than optimal at six classes per grade, while Chatham Elementary may become smaller than optimal with only two classes per grade. Should Monomoy consider reconfiguring its elementary schools to more optimally support teaching, learning, and children’s social development?

     The complete blog post can be found on the Monomoy website (click to November 2017), and much has changed in just three short years.

    To assess the appetite for amending the Regional Agreement, the Superintendent sent out a survey to then current and future elementary parents and elementary staff with options for reconfiguring Monomoy’s elementary schools. Parents and staff were asked for their input on the options of maintaining the status quo in the Regional Agreement, allowing for an elementary redistricting option, or allowing for the formation of upper and lower elementary schools. The one-page fact sheet behind that survey is provided in Appendix 9, listing what was seen as the pros and cons of each option, given what we knew at the time. 

    The Superintendent provided a presentation of the survey results to the School Committee at its November 30, 2017, meeting. The slides of that presentation can be found in Appendix 10. There was not a clear consensus amongst the respondents, who were almost equally split between the three options (no reconfiguration, redistrict, or create upper and lower elementary schools). Staff, Harwich parents, and School Choice parents favored creating upper and lower elementary schools, with one elementary school in each town – no reconfiguration was the least common response for all three of these groups.  By contrast, Chatham parents leaned towards no reconfiguration, with a near equal percentage expressing interest in redistricting. Given the lack of consensus, the conversation was tabled, knowing that at some point in the future the subject would need to be revisited, perhaps after CES families experienced first-hand increasingly fewer students in the school.

    Today, much has changed. Three years ago, it appeared that CES was rapidly heading to having only two classes per grade level, but the number of elementary-aged children in the town has dropped at a much faster rate. Today, the Town of Chatham does not have enough kindergarteners to fill one classroom, without relying on intra- and inter-district school choice to round out the class. The FY22 cohort of kindergarten children will likely be even smaller. By FY25, it is anticipated that CES will only have one classroom at each grade, kindergarten through Grade 4 (see Appendix 2). In FY21, even before the challenges of running schools during a time of COVID, Chatham’s integrated preschool program did not have enough children to merit full-time staff, so Chatham’s preschoolers were sent to the PreK program at HES.

    Change is also happening at HES, as that school’s enrollment has slowly dropped from six classrooms per grade level to five (see Appendix 2). By FY25, it is anticipated that HES will have five classrooms at each grade, kindergarten through Grade 4.

    It would be remiss to not clearly point out the obvious. HES long operated with six classrooms of students per grade level. Granted, it was a large elementary school, but it has long had a history of serving over 550 students. By FY25, the district will reach a point where HES will have a steady state of five classrooms per grade level, and CES will have a steady state of one classroom per grade level. All of these classrooms are projected to operate at or below a very supportive 18 students per classroom, and therefore all of Monomoy’s elementary classrooms could fit under one roof at HES by FY25.

    There is increasing urgency to this dilemma. Where once educators and many parents were concerned about CES only having two classes per grade level, all of these concerns have only magnified as the elementary school-aged population in Chatham dropped to just one classroom of kindergartners. While some may appreciate the intimacy that this creates, many others are concerned about the limitations and challenges of having these kindergarteners experiencing the same small grouping of students for five consecutive years (kindergarten through Grade 4), before experiencing larger social groups in middle school.

    How to Remedy Having Too Few Students in Any Elementary School

    There are options to remedy the situation of having too few students at Chatham Elementary School, but each will require amending the Regional Agreement. Amending the Regional Agreement requires the Selectmen in both towns and the School Committee to adopt new language on how the elementary schools should operate and these changes would need to be approved by Town Meetings in both communities. 

    The Superintendent strongly emphasizes that cost should not be the main factor in determining how to best educate the district’s elementary students, and there will be budgetary implications to each of the options. One of the School Committee’s 2020-2021 goals is to establish, organize, and lead a visioning session and/or community forum that includes a representative working group of stakeholders from Chatham and Harwich to discuss an elementary developmental learning program. This conversation will focus on the pros and cons of continuing the status quo with our elementary schools with no reconfiguration. A parallel conversation will be happening with the towns’ Selectmen on how to address the inequities in elementary per pupil expenditures if there is no reconfiguration. The conversation will also cover the pros and cons of reconfiguration in one of three different ways.

    The first is to “redistrict,” where a subset of Harwich students are sent to CES. This would likely impact 50 to 85 children in neighborhoods closes to the Chatham line, who would be redistricted to attend CES instead of HES. This would allow CES to maintain two classrooms per grade level. Redistricting would allow students and teachers at CES to have more peer interaction and support.

    The second is to create a new elementary system with “upper” and “lower” elementary schools. Here, HES could potentially house all of Monomoy’s preschool through Grade 2 students, and CES could then house all Grade 3 and 4 students (or vice versa). Each school would have six classrooms of students for each grade served by the building. This option offers greater connectedness, with all students of the same age attending elementary school together. It provides families better opportunities to connect with others having children of the same age. All educators will have multiple peers to collaborate with, all in the same building, allowing for much improved professional collaboration, sharing of best practices, and alignment and pacing of curriculum. The schools will be more efficient to staff, so class sizes within grade levels can be homogeneous (rather than balancing class sizes between CES and HES). This option also helps give greater staffing flexibility and efficiency as enrollment numbers shift. Under the current system, small cohort changes at CES create difficult decisions. For example, a single grade-level class of 11 students or 25 students both present staffing challenges – 11 is too small to be effective and efficient, and 25 is above our goal of 18 students but not quite large enough for two separate classes. By having all classes of the same grades in the same building, shifts in cohort population are better managed. There may be increased transportation costs with the creation of upper and lower schools, and this may impact school start times district-wide, if an additional tier of bussing is needed.

    The third is to house all Monomoy elementary students “under one roof.” This is more of a theoretical option at present, but by FY25, Monomoy would be able to fit all elementary students within HES with class sizes of 18 or fewer. This provides the most connectedness of all options, with all of Monomoy’s elementary students being educated together. It provides maximum opportunities for families to connect with each other. It provides elementary educators maximum opportunities to professionally collaborate to best support teaching and learning. It provides for homogeneous class sizes within grade level and efficiency in staffing. It would create one large elementary school with slightly under 600 elementary students under one roof, and HES historically has operated with enrollment of this size. If demographic trends were to change dramatically in the opposite direction and the number of elementary-aged children grew exponentially, whether through a baby boom or through families moving here, there is little room for expansion under this model. This option is the only one that provides both towns fiscal relief. A sample Assessment, in FY21 dollars, estimating the savings if all elementary students were consolidated at HES is provided in Appendix 11. Under this option, Harwich taxpayers could realize approximately $1.5 million in savings and Chatham taxpayers could realize $500,000 in savings, compared to the current elementary organization and Statutory Assessment dictated in the Regional Agreement.

    Next Steps

    The Superintendent will once again put out an Elementary Reconfiguration Survey to all current and future Monomoy elementary parents, as well as to our elementary staff. This survey will go out on December 8, 2020, and a report will be available for the School Committee by December 17, 2020. The proposed one-page fact sheet to inform that survey is on the following page. The survey results, along with all of the information in this document, will be used to inform the discussions the School Committee will be having with Selectmen and stakeholders.

     

    Written for the Monomoy Regional School Committee by:

    Dr. Scott Carpenter, Superintendent
    Monomoy Regional School District

    Submitted and presented November 19, 2020

     

    Monomoy Regional School District Potential Elementary School Reconfiguration Options

    Why consider reconfiguring Monomoy’s elementary schools?

    Enrollment at Chatham Elementary School has been in steady decline, with a much greater loss of enrollment than at Harwich Elementary School. There are concerns that CES is becoming too small, lacking in adequate peers for both students and teachers. Given the loss of elementary enrollment, we must consider what is in the best educational interests of our towns’ children. Some of the possible options below require amending the Regional Agreement.

    OPTIONS

    FACTS

    1.       No reconfiguration

    Continue to let CES get very small (meaning only one class per grade level at all grades). HES would operate with five classes at each grade level.

     

    Does not require a change to the Regional Agreement

     

    ·         This is the only option available under the current regional agreement

    ·         Offers limited social connections for students at CES

    ·         Class sizes within grades and between buildings differ

    ·         Provides CES educators with no grade-level collaboration in the building

    2.       “Redistrict” some Harwich students to CES

    Divert a number of elementary students currently slated to attend HES and have them attend CES, which would allow CES to offer two classes at each grade level. HES would have four classes per grade.

     

    Requires a change to the Regional Agreement

     

    ·         The redistricting would likely impact 50-85 children in a few neighborhoods in Harwich, closest to the Chatham town line

    ·         Class sizes within grades and between buildings differ

    ·         This would allow students and teachers at CES to have more peer interaction, since the school could maintain two classes per grade level

    3.       Create a new elementary system with an “upper” and “lower” elementary school

    This could potentially see HES housing all preschool through Grade 2 students in our district, and CES could then house all Grade 3 and 4 (or vice versa). Each school would have six classrooms of students for each grade served by the building.

     

    Requires a change to the Regional Agreement

     

    ·         Offers greater connectedness with all students of the same age attending elementary school together, allowing families better opportunities to connect with each other

    ·         All educators of the same grade are physically in the same building, allowing for maximum professional collaboration, sharing of best practices, and alignment of curricula and pacing

    ·         Allows for efficient staffing, so class sizes within grade levels are more homogeneous

    ·         This option may involve greater transportation costs

    4.       House all Monomoy elementary students “under one roof”

    With the decline in CES enrollment, as well as HES enrollment, by the 2024-2025 school year all elementary students could now be housed at HES, with all class sizes 18 or fewer.

     

    Requires a change to the Regional Agreement

     

    ·         Offers greater connectedness with all students attending elementary school together, allowing families better opportunities to connect with each other

    ·         All elementary educators are in the same building, allowing for enhanced professional collaboration, sharing of best practices, and alignment of curricula and pacing

    ·         Allows for efficient staffing, so class sizes within grade levels are more homogeneous

    Appendix 1: Monomoy Elementary Enrollment FY12-FY21 and beyond

    Chatham Elementary School

    Fiscal

    Year

    Chatham resident Students

    Harwich resident

    Students

    School Choice from other towns

    Total

    Enrollment

    FY12

    176

    53

    36

    265

    FY13

    194

    44

    21

    259

    FY14

    191

    44

    25

    260

    FY15

    186

    39

    52

    277

    FY16

    188

    42

    40

    270

    FY17

    194

    41

    38

    272

    FY18

    177

    32

    33

    242

    FY19

    173

    25

    31

    229

    FY20

    157

    23

    24

    204

    FY21

     125*

    24

    21

    170

    FY25***

    53

    24

    21

    100

    *includes 13 Chatham resident students currently homeschooled because of COVID

     


    Harwich Elementary School

    Fiscal

    Year

    Chatham resident Students

    Harwich resident

    Students

    School Choice from other towns

    Total

    Enrollment

    FY12

    6

    515

    68

    589

    FY13

    6

    522

    58

    586

    FY14

    4

    526

    68

    598

    FY15

    5

    524

    71

    600

    FY16

    9

    525

    63

    597

    FY17

    7

    516

    43

    566

    FY18

    12

    496

    42

    550

    FY19

    7

    496

    53

    556

    FY20

    7

    486

    59

    552

    FY21

    10

        459**

    46

    512

    FY25***

    10

    410

    50

    470

    **includes 36 Harwich resident students currently homeschooled because of COVID

     


    Monomoy Elementary-Aged Students

    Fiscal

    Year

    Chatham resident Students

    Harwich resident

    Students

    Total Resident

    Students

    % Residents

    from Chatham

    FY12

    182

    568

    750

    24.3%

    FY13

    200

    566

    766

    26.1%

    FY14

    195

    570

    765

    25.5%

    FY15

    191

    563

    754

    25.3%

    FY16

    197

    567

    764

    25.8%

    FY17

    201

    557

    758

    26.5%

    FY18

    189

    528

    717

    26.4%

    FY19

    180

    521

    701

    25.7%

    FY20

    164

    509

    673

    24.4%

    FY21

    132

    483

    615

    21.5%

    FY25***

    65

    434

    499

    13.0%

    ***projection based on FY21 kindergarten enrollments

     

    Appendix 2: Number of Classrooms per Grade at Monomoy’s Elementary Schools (FY12, FY20, FY25)

     

    FY12

    FY21*

    FY25**

    Grade

    CES

    HES

    CES

    HES

    CES

    HES

    K

    3

    6

    1

    5

    1

    5

    1

    3

    6

    2

    5

    1

    5

    2

    3

    6

    2

    5

    1

    5

    3

    3

    6

    2

    6

    1

    5

    4

    3

          5***

    3

    6

    1

    5

    *Pre-COVID projection based on enrollment and new kindergarten enrollments

    **Projection based on current kindergarten enrollments

    ***Historically, as the district came together, HES often had 5 large classes of 4th grade, but the enrollment in these classes would have supported 6 classrooms of students.

     

    Appendix 3: Elementary Class Size Ranges by Grade at Monomoy’s Elementary Schools (2019-2020 school year)

     

    CES

    HES

     

    Grade

    Number of Classrooms

    Range of Class Sizes

    Number of Classrooms

    Range of Class Sizes

    K

    2*

    16-18

    5

    14-16

    1

    2

    17-18

    5

    17-18

    2

    2

    16-17

    6**

    19-20

    3

    3

    15-16

    5

    20-21

    4

    2

    21-22

    6**

    16-18

    *For the 2020-2020, kindergarten in CES would have dropped to only one classroom. This would result in one kindergarten class, two classrooms in Grades 1-3, and three classrooms of Grade 4.

    **For 2020-2021, the six sections of second graders would have moved up to Grade 3. The five Grade 3 classrooms would move up to Grade 4; however, the district planned to retain a sixth Grade 4 teacher to pull the class sizes down (from 20-21) to 17. This would leave five classrooms in Grades K-2 and six classrooms of in Grade 3 & 4.

    Additional factors behind elementary class sizes and staffing:

    It is important to note that since FY14, Monomoy budgets for elementary class sizes of 18 +/- 1 students. Any “free” seats beneath 18 are made available to school choice, potentially rounding out the class size and bringing in some school choice revenue.

    It is challenging to equalize class sizes between buildings, particularly when one cohort is being divided by a factor of 2 (classrooms) in one school and by a factor of 5 in the other building. It is far easier to equalize class sizes when the entire cohort (all students of the same grade) are in the same building.

    There are occasionally behavioral dynamics within classes that require additional staffing at a particular grade level to address the challenge. This often results in reducing class size at one grade level often at the expense of increased class size elsewhere in the school.

     

    Appendix 4: Monomoy Elementary Budgets FY12-FY21 and beyond

    Fiscal Year

    CES Budget

    HES Budget

    Combined Elementary Budgets

    FY12

    $2,499,028

    $4,999,819

    $7,498,847

    FY13

    $2,321,712

    $4,512,727

    $6,834,439

    FY14

    $2,470,218

    $4,592,557

    $7,062,775

    FY15

    $2,653,323

    $4,672,135

    $7,325,458

    FY16

    $2,667,863

    $4,870,444

    $7,538,307

    FY17

    $2,788,339

    $5,165,891

    $7,954,230

    FY18

    $2,828,225

    $5,558,808

    $8,387,033

    FY19

    $2,953,802

    $5,843,037

    $8,796,839

    FY20

    $2,877,296

    $6,035,185

    $8,912,481

    FY21

    $2,869,394

    $6,085,214

    $8,954,608

    FY25*

    $2,652,551

    $6,462,331

    $9,114,882

    *FY25 Elementary budgets estimated by deducting anticipated staff reductions and increasing budget by 2%/year

     

    Appendix 5: Monomoy Elementary Per Pupil Budgets FY12-FY21 and beyond

     

    Per Pupil Budgets

     

     

     

    town's elementary budget/town's elementary school enrollment

     

     

    Fiscal Year

    CES per pupil budgets

    HES per pupil budgets

    Difference

    Chatham Elementary Enrollment

    Difference x Chatham Elementary Enrollment

    FY12

    $9,430

    $8,489

    $942

    265

    $249,630

    FY13

    $8,964

    $7,701

    $1,263

    259

    $327,117

    FY14

    $9,501

    $7,680

    $1,821

    260

    $473,460

    FY15

    $9,579

    $7,787

    $1,792

    277

    $496,384

    FY16

    $9,881

    $8,158

    $1,723

    270

    $465,210

    FY17

    $10,214

    $9,127

    $1,087

    273

    $296,751

    FY18

    $11,687

    $10,107

    $1,580

    242

    $382,362

    FY19

    $12,899

    $10,509

    $2,390

    229

    $547,310

    FY20

    $14,104

    $10,933

    $3,171

    204

    $646,884

    FY21

    $18,276

    $12,784

    $5,492

    157

    $862,244

    FY25

    $26,526

    $13,750

    $12,776

    100

    $1,277,600

     

    Appendix 6: What the F13 Assessment Would Have Been Had the Towns Paid for Their Own Elementary School (compared to the actual assessment using the Statutory Method at the bottom of the page)

    Appendix 6

    Appendix 7: What the FY21 Assessment Would Have Been Had the Towns Paid for Their Own Elementary School (compared to the actual assessment using the Statutory Method at the bottom of the page)

    Appendix 7

    Appendix 8: What the FY25 Assessment Would Have Been Had the Towns Paid for Their Own Elementary School (compared to the project assessment using the Statutory Method at the bottom of the page)

     Appendix 8

    Appendix 9: One-page Fact Sheet Guiding the November 2017 Survey on Possible Elementary Reconfiguration

    Appendix 9

    Appendix 10: Monomoy Reconfiguration Survey Presentation to the Monomoy Regional School Committee from November 27, 2017

     Appendix 10

     Appendix 10.1

     Appendix 10.2

     Appendix 10.4

    Appendix 11: What the FY25 Assessment Theoretically Could Be (in FY21 dollars) If All Monomoy’s Elementary Students Were Educated Under One Roof at HES (this presumes 6 sections per grade)

    Appendix 11

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